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Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT)

Performance on the RFFT has been shown
to be temporally stable; studies to date
support the construct validity of the RFFT
as a measure of initiation, planning, and
divergent reasoning.

Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT)
Ronald M. Ruff, PhD
Purpose:Provide information about nonverbal capacity for initiation, planning, and divergent reasoning in ages 16-70 years
Age range:16 to 70 years
Admin time:5 minutes (60 seconds for each of the 5 parts)
Scoring time:15 minutes
Qualification level:C
View print pricing.

The RFFT was developed to provide clinical information regarding nonverbal capacity for fluid and divergent thinking, ability to shift cognitive set, planning strategies, and executive ability to coordinate this process.

  • The test booklet consists of five 60-second parts, each with a different stimulus presentation.
  • The respondent draws as many unique designs as possible within 60 seconds by connecting the dots in different patterns. The total number of unique designs drawn constitutes the main score.
  • The Perseverative Errors score represents the number of repetitions of the same pattern drawn by the respondent.
  • The Error Ratio index assesses the respondent’s ability to minimize repetition while maximizing unique productions.
  • Qualitative strategies, such as rotation and enumeration, can also be assessed.

Note: Stopwatch is required for administration.

Item numberProduct descriptionList priceAdd to Cart
WW-3592-KTRFFT Introductory Kit
includes RFFT Professional Manual and 25 Test Booklets
Manuals, Books, and Equipment
Item numberProduct descriptionList priceAdd to Cart
WW-10310-EMRFFT e-Manual
e-Manuals are not returnable. Please see our FAQ before ordering e-Manuals.
WW-3593-TMRFFT Professional Manual$59.00
Forms and Booklets
Item numberProduct descriptionList priceAdd to Cart
WW-3511-TBRFFT Test Booklets (pkg/25)$125.00
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Children's Color Trails Test™ (CCTT™)

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