The KOPPITZ-2 is a highly reliable, valid measure of visual-motor integration skills that applies the developmental approach to scoring made so popular by its originator, Dr. Elizabeth Munsterberg Koppitz.
True to original conceptualization but updated to meet current psychometric standards
- Requires the examinee to draw increasingly complex figures from a model (the Bender designs, derived from theories of Gestalt psychology) on a plain sheet of white paper and to organize the task independently, effectively assessing the ability to relate visual stimuli accurately to motor responses.
- Uses a less structured task than other tests of visual-motor integration, thereby providing a more ecologically sound approach to this type of assessment.
- Extended age range allows for the evaluation of special education students through age 21 years and the evaluation of the visual-motor integration deficits of the growing population of seniors.
- For older children and adults, both 2- and 3-dimensional drawings are now required that reveal subtle deficits in visual-motor integration processes.
Maintains a developmental view of visual-motor integration
- Provides separate scoring systems for young children (ages 5-7 years) as well as older children and adults (ages 8-85 years and older).
- Normative sample of 3,600 persons is matched to U.S. Census statistics on socioeconomic factors, ethnicity, geographic region, community size, and other critical variables to ensure representativeness of the total population.
- Completely nonverbal and useful with individuals from widely varied cultural and ethnic backgrounds.
- A special chapter of the Examiner’s Manual is devoted to the Koppitz Emotional Indicators (EIs) and their proper use; a specialized scoring form is also provided.
Highly reliable across age, gender, and ethnicity
- Reliability coefficients are reported for multiple subgroups, including individuals with various disorders.
- Internal consistency (alpha) reliabilities for all but one age are greater than .80; the average of reliabilities across ages is .88. The test correlates highly with the WISC®-III Performance Scale and Perceptual Organization Index.
- Detailed scoring guides and a clear scoring template ensure high levels of interscorer reliability.