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Constructive Thinking Inventory

The CTI can be used to obtain diagnostic information about beliefs and ways of thinking that can be directly applied in psychotherapy and counseling.
Constructive Thinking Inventory™ (CTI)
Seymour Epstein, PhD
Purpose:Measure beliefs and thinking patterns that underlie emotional intelligence, coping ability, physical and emotional well-being
Age range:18 to 80 years
Admin:Individual or group
Admin time:15-30 minutes
Qualification level:B
View print pricing.
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The CTI is a 108-item self-report inventory that assesses constructive and destructive beliefs and thinking patterns. The CTI is based on Dr. Epstein's Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory. According to this theory, people have two fundamental adaptive systems: an "experiential system" that automatically learns from lived experience, and a "rational/intellectual system" that operates by conscious reasoning. The CTI measures the efficacy of the experiential system; intelligence tests measure the efficacy of the rational/intellectual system. Note that the CTI cannot be hand-scored. The individual's responses are entered into the software, and the program scores the protocol and automatically generates a score report with raw scores and gender-based T scores with a profile of the results.

The CTI predicts a variety of desirable abilities/states, that are either unrelated or only very weakly related to intellectual intelligence, including work performance, social skills, and emotional and physical well-being. It has also been found that CTI scores significantly supplement intellectual intelligence in the prediction of academic performance as measured by grade point average.

  • 5-point rating scale.
  • Appropriate for ages 18-80 years.
  • Normative sample of 908 U.S. census-matched adults.
  • Gender-based raw score to T-score conversions provided for all scales/subscales and for the Global Constructive Thinking Scale.
  • Computer scoring program that generates a score report and a profile of the results.

CTI Scales

The CTI scales provide information about beliefs and thinking processes at three levels of generality. A global scale (Global Constructive Thinking), composed of items from several other scales, is the most general score. At the next level are six main scales (Emotional Coping, Behavioral Coping, Personal Superstitious Thinking, Categorical Thinking, Esoteric Thinking, and Naive Optimism) that measure basic ways in which people think (constructively or destructively). Almost all main scales have subscales, which identify the specific thoughts and ways of thinking that make up the main scales. This information is useful for elucidating the scores on the main scales, for providing refined diagnoses, and, most important, for counseling and psychotherapy geared toward correcting maladaptive beliefs and ways of thinking. The CTI also includes Validity and Defensiveness scales. Scores are provided for the Global Constructive Thinking Scale, 6 scales, and 15 subscales.

The CTI Has Many Uses

The CTI is widely applicable. In clinical and counseling settings, it can be used to obtain diagnostic information about beliefs and ways of thinking that can be directly applied in psychotherapy and counseling. In this respect, the CTI has been particularly useful in treatment centers for drug abuse that emphasize the development of coping skills. In business settings, the CTI can be used for personnel selection and for training and counseling at all administrative levels. In educational settings, it can assist in the selection of students for college admissions and in the counseling of high school and college students.

Windows:XP, Vista, 7, 8, 10
Mac users: install Windows in VirtualBox or BootCamp.
Other virtual machine solutions (e.g., Parallels, VMWare) are not supported.
Prerequisites:NTFS file system; Internet connection or telephone for activation and counter update; CD-ROM drive for installation
Item numberProduct descriptionList priceAdd to Cart
WW-6251-CPCTI Introductory Kit–CD-ROM
includes CTI Scoring Program with On-Screen Help and Quick Start Guide; 25-Use Counter Serial Number; Professional Manual; and 25 Test Booklets
WW-5787-CPCTI Test Booklets (pkg/25)
includes 25-Use Counter Serial Number
Manuals, Books, and Equipment
Item numberProduct descriptionList priceAdd to Cart
WW-4700-TMCTI Professional Manual$49.00
Conversions and Upgrades
Item numberProduct descriptionList priceAdd to Cart
WW-6251-CVCTI Software Conversion–CD-ROM (For prior purchasers only)$55.00
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Coping Responses Inventory (CRI)
Interpersonal Adjective Scales (IAS)

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